Manual scavenging in 21st century in India itself has taken away 88 lives in last three years. Despite existing law, Employment of Manual Scavengers and construction of Dry Latrine (Prohibition) or EMSCDL Act, which was passed on 1993 banning manual scavenging, 620deaths were reported from 15states since 1993. Nearly 44% of total death occured in Tamil Nadu(144) and Gujarat(131). In Karnataka 75 cases were reported.
Out of 650families only 445 families have recieved compensation. Whereas partial settlement was made in 58cases and no compensation has been granted bin 117 cases, told Social Justice & Empowerment Minister of State Ramdas Athawalin Lok Sabha replying to Asaduddin Owaisi and Syed Imtiaz Jaleel on 9th July'19.
Since 2013, a warning number of 53,598 manual scavengers have been identified
The Supreme court in March 2014 had mandated the government to identify people those died in sewage work since 1993 with a compensation of ₹10lakh for each.
Since 2013, a warning number of 53,598 manual scavengers have been identified. Despite such a huge number of manual scavengers data on death of scavengers from only 15states is available while most of the states have reported nil and others have not submitted data.
It is expected actual data on manual scavenging is actually higher. The MPs urged the government to amend the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 to make it mandatory for states to report such cases.